Trauma to the brain can occur during a motor vehicle accident if the skull strikes something such as the steering wheel, window or windshield for example. The sheer force of an accident could also cause the brain to collide against the skull, potentially causing bruising (contusion) or bleeding (hemorrhage) of the brain. Blunt trauma can also occur when the head strikes something (such as the windshield) and the head is impacted causing a wound.
An assessment will be conducted including a review of medical history (including any prior falls or head injuries), and testing to assess cognitive skills such as memory, attention, and reasoning.
The results of the assessment will indicate present cognitive impairments and determine what skills have been most impacted by the traumatic brain injury. The extent of the impairment will be determined, as well as the impact on activities of daily living (e.g., housekeeping, childcare) and on tasks of work and/or school.
Recommendations can be made with regards to an individual’s capabilities, and for accommodations to help with daily functioning. Referrals to other experts for rehabilitation and treatment will also be provided when necessary. Follow-up assessments will likely be recommended to track the progress of your condition after rehabilitation.